文章摘要
魏勇,范支柬,孙雷,刘桂建.中国公众环境意识的现状与影响因素[J].科普研究,2017,12(3):33~38
中国公众环境意识的现状与影响因素
On an Analysis of Current Status and Influence Factors of PublicAwareness on Environmental Protection in China
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 环境意识 现状分析 影响因素
英文关键词: environmental awareness  analysis of the situation  influence factors
基金项目:
作者单位
魏勇 中国科学技术大学公共事务学院 
范支柬 中国科学技术大学公共事务学院 
孙雷 中国科学技术大学公共事务学院 
刘桂建 中国科学技术大学公共事务学院中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院 
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中文摘要:
      对CGSS(2013)数据分析发现,中国公众存在环境问题认知率高、环保知识水平低、环境污染 程度评价高、环保工作满意度低、环保行动水平低的特点,且环境认知、环保知识、环境污染评价省际 差异较大。检验了性别、年龄、受教育程度、收入、政治面貌、城乡差别6 个因素对环境意识的影响作用, 归纳得出环境意识5 个维度的低得分群体。据此提出了通过“议程设置”提高公众环保参与度,发挥政 府组织公信力开展公众环保活动等改进公众环境意识的建议,以期为我国开展公众环保知识普及与环境 保护教育工作决策提供参考。
英文摘要:
      This paper conducts an analysis of CGSS(2013)data,revealing that the overall level of public environmental cognition is higher;the overall level of public environmental knowledge and environmental evaluation is lower,and there are remarkable differences between different provinces;the overall level of public environmental action is lower;the public believe that the environmental protection work by central government and local governments is far from satisfactory. This paper discusses the differences between gender,age, level of education,income,political affiliation,and urban and rural areas,which have huge impacts on their environmental awareness,and inductively discovers the lower score group with less awareness towards environmental protection within 5 dimensions. In a nutshell,the paper comes up with a number of suggestions such as applying“agenda-setting”method to enhance the public participation in environmental protection,and giving full play to the government’s public credibility to attract more public involvement.
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