文章摘要
雷茵茹,崔丽娟,李伟,张曼胤,王汝苗,王萍.环境教育对青少年亲环境行为的影响作用分析——以湿地科普宣教教育为例[J].科普研究,2019,14(1):64~70
环境教育对青少年亲环境行为的影响作用分析——以湿地科普宣教教育为例
The Impacts of Environmental Education on Teenagers’Pre-environmental Behavior:A Case Study of Wetland Education Course
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 环境教育 亲环境行为 青少年 影响路径
英文关键词: environmental education  pre-environmental behavior  teenager  influence path
基金项目:
作者单位
雷茵茹 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室 
崔丽娟 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室 
李伟 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室 
张曼胤 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室 
王汝苗 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室 
王萍 中国林业科学研究院湿地研究所湿地生态功能与恢复北京市重点实验室 
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中文摘要:
      环境教育被认为是支持自然保护和可持续发展的有利手段,是提升公民环境素养、促进公民环保 行为的必要途径,但是环境教育对亲环境行为的影响机制尚不明确。本研究通过对参加环境教育课程的青少 年为期 6 个月的追踪调查,定量地分析了青少年亲环境行为的特点,环境教育对青少年亲环境行为的影响路 径, 以及青少年环境知识、环境价值、环境态度和环境行为随时间的变化过程。研究结果表明:(1)青少年亲 环境行为在年龄、受教育程度、父母职业、父母职业与生态相关性等社会人口学因素上表现出显著差异;(2) 环境教育对青少年亲环境行为有直接的正向影响,但环境价值和环境态度也发挥了中介作用;(3)青少年亲 环境行为是一个逐步养成的过程。因此本文提出以下建议:(1)青少年环境教育应尽早开展,并鼓励家长的 参与;(2)青少年环境教育应循序渐进,并长期坚持。
英文摘要:
      Environmental education has been concerned as a powerful instrument for promoting nature conservation and sustainable development,and an important method to improve environmental literacy and pre-environmental behaviour of the general public. However,the mechanism of the effect of environmental education on pre-environmental behaviour remains unclear. Thus,this research conducted a six-month survey for teenagers who participated in wetland education courses. What was followed was that the paper analyzed the characteristics of teenagers’pre-environmental behavior, the impact path of environmental education on pre-environmental behaviour,and the time course of teenagers’environment knowledge,environment value,environment attitude,and pre-environmental behaviour. The results revealed that(1)pre-environmental behavior of teenagers showed significant differences in terms of age,leave of education,parents’careers, and the relevance of parents’career with environment;(2)environment education imposed positive and direct impacts on teenagers’preenvironmental behaviour,and environment value and environment attitude also had a mediating effect on teenagers’pre-environmental behaviour;and(3)pre-environmental behaviour can be formed step by step. Therefore,it is suggested that environmental education for teenagers should be arranged as early as possible and parents should also be inspired to get involved. Progressive and long-term environmental education for teenagers is expected to have better outcomes.
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