文章摘要
唐剑波,杨洋,张彩霞.我国科技馆展品创新现状及评价标准的 分析与探讨 ——基于第一届全国科技馆展览展品大赛获奖作品[J].科普研究,2019,14(2):24~31,40
我国科技馆展品创新现状及评价标准的 分析与探讨 ——基于第一届全国科技馆展览展品大赛获奖作品
An Analysis of Current Situation of Exhibits Innovation in China’s Science and Technology Museum and its Evaluation Criteria:Based on Award-winning Works of the First National Exhibition & Exhibit Competition of Science and Technology Museum
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 科技馆 展品创新 评价标准 展览展品大赛
英文关键词: science and technology museum  exhibits innovation  evaluation criteria  exhibition & exhibit competition
基金项目:
作者单位
唐剑波 中国科学技术馆 
杨洋 中国科学技术馆 
张彩霞 中国科学技术馆 
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中文摘要:
      通过对第一届全国科技馆展览展品大赛获奖的20 件展品的场馆分布、展品创新性与自主设计程度、团 队成员情况、经费情况等方面进行总结分析,旨在反映我国科技馆在展品创新方面的现状和存在的问题。通过 分析可以看出,我国科技馆的展品研发多集中于省级或省级以上科技馆及少数地市级科技馆,相关展品设计研发 团队呈现高学历、年轻化的特点,但展品自主设计程度尤其是技术设计方面有待提高,相关人员技术设计水平有 待提升,需进一步加强后备人才的培养。展品标准化设计方面,仍需加强研究与实践。结合本届大赛的评审过程, 本文梳理了在创新展品的评价标准,提出了观众评价环节的引入,以期未来更好对创新展品进行评价。
英文摘要:
      This paper summarizes and analyses the venue distribution,the degree of innovation and independent design,team members and funds of 20 exhibits awarded in the first National Science and Technology Museum Exhibition&Exhibit Competition,the aim of which is to reflect the current situation and existing problems of exhibits innovation in China’s science and technology museums. Through the analysis,it can be seen that the research and development of exhibits of science and technology museums in China are mostly concentrated in Science and Technology Museums at the provincial or above the provincial levels and also in a few Municipal Science and technology museums. Relevant exhibit design and research teams are highly educated and young, however,the degree of independent design of exhibits,especially in technical design,needs to be improved,the level of technical design of relevant personnel needs to be enhanced, and the training of reserve talents needs to be further strengthened. The standardized design of exhibits still needs further research and practice. Based on the evaluation process of this competition,this paper makes a collection and analysis of the evaluation criteria of innovative exhibits,and puts forward the idea of adding the process of audience evaluation with an aim to better evaluate innovative exhibits in the future.
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