文章摘要
廖红.中国科学技术馆馆校合作的实践与思考[J].科普研究,2019,14(2):48~52
中国科学技术馆馆校合作的实践与思考
Practice and Thinking on Museum-School Cooperation in China Science and Technology Museum
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 科技馆 馆校合作 科技馆教育
英文关键词: science and technology museum  museum-school cooperation  education in science and technology museum
基金项目:
作者单位
廖红 中国科学技术馆 
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中文摘要:
      馆校合作,亦被称为馆校结合,简单理解就是博物馆(科技馆)与学校合作,开展以学生全面发展 为目标的教育工作,也包括双方老师的交流或培训,以达到(场馆)资源效益最大化及双方和学生共同受益 的目的。馆校合作一直是博物馆/ 科技馆教育工作的重中之重。本文分析了几种教育形式,特别是馆校合作 教育的特点和优势,通过一些案例介绍了中国科技馆新馆开放以来馆校合作的三个阶段及其特点,从场馆参 观到教育服务,从活动参与到定制内容,从无目标体验到有主题系统安排,说明了中国科技馆提出“馆校师 生课”五大类服务,阐释了中国科技馆逐步确立的馆校合作模式及教育理念。在总结近十年的实践经验中发 现,存在科技馆教育活动的数量与质量尚待提升、系统性的研究缺乏、学校及老师的积极性尚需提高等问题, 并由此提出创造和提供符合双方共同目标的项目,提升科技辅导员能力、利用互联网技术、加强研究等思路 与建议。
英文摘要:
      Museum-school cooperation,also known as the museum-school combination,means that the grand aim of cooperation between the museum(science and technology museum)and the school is to carry out educational objective of the overall development of students,which includes the exchange or training of teachers and educators in museums with the aim being at achieving maximum resource efficiency and mutual benefit of museum,student and school. Museum-school cooperation has always been a top priority in the museum / science museum education. This paper analyzes several forms of education,especially the characteristics and advantages of museum-school cooperation education,and introduces the three stages and characteristics of museum-school cooperation through some cases since the opening of the new building of China Science and Technology Museum. These stages have facilitated museum-school cooperation from site visit to education programs,from participation in activities to customized learning,and from a goal-less experience to a themed and scheduled arrangement. This paper also introduces the“museum-school-teacher-student-course”form in CSTM and illustrates the mode of museum-school cooperation and the educational concept of CSTM. Based on the practical experience during the past nine years,the study finds that the quantity and quality of educational activities and the systematic research on museum-school cooperation are insufficient,and the enthusiasm in cooperation of schools and teachers needs to be improved. Therefore,some suggestions are put forward:developing projects to meet with the common objectives which are consistent with the common objectives of both parties,improving the ability of science educators in museums,making full use of Internet technology,and strengthening the comprehensive research of museum-school cooperation.
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