文章摘要
李文晴.博物馆探究式学习单引导孩子探究式学习的尝试 ——以上海科技馆智慧之光展区“哪个滚得快”展品为例[J].科普研究,2019,14(6):79~90,111
博物馆探究式学习单引导孩子探究式学习的尝试 ——以上海科技馆智慧之光展区“哪个滚得快”展品为例
Inquiry Museum Worksheet Guides Student’s Inquiry Learning:Take the“Which Rolling Fast”Exhibit in Shanghai Science andTechnology Museum as an Example
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 探究式学习 博物馆学习单 探索行为
英文关键词: inquiry learning  museum worksheet  exploratory behavior
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作者单位
李文晴 上海师范大学 
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中文摘要:
      面对国内科技馆学习单设计重科普知识的传播而忽略对展品操作的引导,以及2017 年新提出的《义 务教育小学科学课程标准》依旧遵循先前标准中的“以科学探究为基本理念的探究式学习”的现状,科技馆 作为传播科学知识的重要场所之一,理应倡导探究式学习。在此基础上,本研究将Suchman 提出的探究模式 与国内外科技类博物馆学习单设计所包含的探究性元素相结合,构建出博物馆探究式学习单设计框架,然后 将该框架用于指导博物馆探究式学习单的设计,最后将设计的博物馆探究式学习单用于实践研究,以验证博 物馆探究式学习单对孩子产生的影响,为在科技类博物馆中开展“基于展品的探究式学习”提供实践参考, 对探究博物馆发挥学习功能、拓展学校教育空间环境、培育学生探究学习能力和习惯具有积极的促进作用。
英文摘要:
      Based on the current situation that the design of inquiry museum worksheet in domestic science and technology museum emphasises on the spread of science knowledge popularization and ignores the guidance of exhibits operation,and the new science curriculum standard proposed in 2017 still follows the“inquiry-based learning based on scientific inquiry”in the previous standards,science and technology museum should advocate inquiry learning as a special place for scientific communication. The study combined the inquiry model proposed by Suchman with the exploratory elements contained in the design of learning modules for science and technology museums to construct the design framework for inquiry worksheet. Then applied the framework to guide the design of inquiry worksheet. Finally, the study put the inquiry worksheet into practice in order to verify the inquiry worksheet’s impact on children. This study also tried to provide practical reference for carrying out“exhibition-based inquiry learning”in science and technology museums,explore the museum to exert a learning function, expand the school education space,and cultivate students to explore learning ability and habits.
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