文章摘要
张 寒.公众理解视域下医疗AI 的应用及治理[J].科普研究,2020,15(3):20~27
公众理解视域下医疗AI 的应用及治理
Public Understanding of the Application and Governance ofArtificial Intelligence in Medicine and Healthcare
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 人工智能 医疗健康 公众理解 信任
英文关键词: artificial intelligence  medicine and healthcare  public understanding  public trust
基金项目:
作者单位
张 寒 中国传媒大学马克思主义学院 
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中文摘要:
      人工智能(Artificial Intelligence,AI)正快速地进入医疗健康领域,成为医疗创新的前沿领域,将 对医疗、健康、护理的传统实践带来改变。通过大量前沿文献调研,文章梳理了国际上医疗AI 的创新发展和 应用前景,结合“公众理解科学”的视角,探讨医疗AI 能否成功在临床应用,公众的认可度和接受度将起到 关键的作用。为此,政府、专业团体、人工智能开发者等机构应协同合作,为公众参与理解医疗AI 提供保障 和渠道,促进公众理解医疗AI 解决问题的实际能力及其局限性。从用户角度出发,完善医疗AI 的监管体系, 使其发展符合法律规范和伦理规则,以获得公众对医疗AI 的广泛支持。
英文摘要:
      Artificial intelligence (AI)is applied to medicine and healthcare rapidly and becomes the frontier of medical innovation. It will bring great changes for traditional practices of medicine, health,and care. Based on investigation of frontier research,the paper sorted out the international development of medical AI for its innovations and application prospects. From the perspective of‘public understanding of science’,public recognition and acceptance are crucial factors for the successful clinical application of medical AI. Therefore,various stakeholders from government,professional bodies,AI developers and other institutions should work together to provide channels for the public to participate in and understand the actual abilities as well as potential risks of medical AI. A sound regulatory system should be built so that the development of medical AI would conform to legal norms and ethical observance,and could obtain broad public support.
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