文章摘要
梁卫国.科幻作品视角下的人工智能伦理[J].科普研究,2020,15(3):28~36
科幻作品视角下的人工智能伦理
Research on Artificial Intelligence Ethics from the Perspective of ScienceFiction Creation
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 伦理 人工智能 科幻作品 主体性 人类中心主义
英文关键词: ethics  artificial intelligence  science fiction creation  subjectivity  anthropocentrism
基金项目:
作者单位
梁卫国 中央民族大学哲学与宗教学学院 
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中文摘要:
      人工智能快速发展的现实为科幻作品提供了创作素材和科技佐证,而科幻作品为人工智能提供了未 来想象和发展可能,两者既相离又相交的关系构建起了丰富的精神实验和感觉体验。产生这些实验和体验的 根本原因是,在符号主义、连接主义和行为主义指导下,以数据和算法为技术核心的人工智能逐渐突破了人 类中心主义的伦理观。这种伦理观可能会导致人类丧失对机器的控制权,甚至导致人类的毁灭。要避免这种 悲剧发生,需要构建起人类与人工智能相处的新伦理:重新审视人本身,保持对人造自然物——人工智能的 敬畏,在人类中心主义的主体下,构建起人类与人工智能相处的准伙伴关系。
英文摘要:
      The rapid development of artificial intelligence(AI)provides creative materials and scientific evidences for science fiction creation,while science fiction creation provides AI research with future imaginations and developing possibilities. Such separating and interacting relationship forms rich spiritual and sensory experiences. The fundamental reason for these experiences is that AI(which takes data and algorithms as its core technology)has gradually broken through the ethics of anthropocentrism under the guidance of symbolism,connectionism,and behaviorism. This change of anthropocentric ethics may lead to the loss of human control on machines,or even the destruction of humankind. To avoid this predicament,we need to build a new ethic in which human and artificial intelligence could coexist,namely,a quasi-partnership between humans and artificial intelligence based on anthropocentrism.
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