文章摘要
赵玉川,成元君.科学普及的社会学解析及其社会举措[J].科普研究,2006,(4):23~31
科学普及的社会学解析及其社会举措
Science Popularization: Sociological Resolution and Social Action
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 科学普及,社会分化,社会交往,社会整合,社会发展
英文关键词: science popularization  social division  social contacts  social integration  social development
基金项目:
作者单位
赵玉川  
成元君  
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中文摘要:
      科学普及是劳动分工-社会分化的产物。劳动分工-社会分化孕育、造就出科学家阶层。自18世纪科学家作为一个社会阶层形成以来,将科学知识、科学精神向社会公众宣传、普及是科学家的重要社会职责。随着社会进步、信息和知识的增长,科学普及的作用日益重要。它可以缓解信息、知识分化的负面影响,是消除知识贫困的有效手段、途径,是社会整合不可缺少的重要社会基础。科学普及既是科学发展观的重要组成部分,也是落实科学发展观的重要的社会行动。科学普及是社会交往的重要形式,只有疏通科学普及社会渠道,让广大社会公众理解科学,才能实现科学的本体化和社会价值。
英文摘要:
      Science popularization is the product of labor division and social division. In 18th century, scientists became a specific social estate, whose responsibility is to communicate scientific knowledge and spirit to the public. Science popularization becomes more and more important along with the social progress and increase of information and knowledge. It helps to reduce the negativeness in differentiation of information and the deficiency of knowledge as well. It appears to be indispensable elements in social integration. Science popularization is not only the important component of scientific perception of development, but also the necessary social action of its implementation. As an important form of social contacts, science popularization will have its social value only if it acts as the bridge between science and society, and makes the public understand science.
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