文章摘要
许玲,陈进,朱鸿祥.植物园“以学习者为中心”的科普教育方式的一次效果评估——以中科院西双版纳热带植物园为背景[J].科普研究,2007,(2):32~38
植物园“以学习者为中心”的科普教育方式的一次效果评估——以中科院西双版纳热带植物园为背景
An Assessment of Learner-centered Program of Science Education in Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden
投稿时间:2007-01-06  
DOI:
中文关键词: 以学习者为中心,建构主义,行为观察,问卷调查,访谈法
英文关键词: learner-centered  constructivism  behavior observation  questionnaire  interview
基金项目:
作者单位
许玲  
陈进  
朱鸿祥  
摘要点击次数: 2912
全文下载次数: 1899
中文摘要:
      从施教者和学习者的关系来看,教育形式主要有“以施教者为中心”的灌输式教育和“以学习者为中心”的自主式教育。“以学习者为中心”的教育方式以建构主义理论为基础,重视学习者创造力的激发和提出问题能力的培养。为评价其在植物园科普教育应用中的效果,中科院西双版纳热带植物园围绕“以学习者为中心”的理念设计了一次尝试性的科普活动。并通过行为观察、问卷调查和访谈法等多种形式对项目进行初步的效果评估。
英文摘要:
      The function of science education in botanical gardens has gained a worldwide increasing importance.Many studies report about methods of science education in botanical gardens.Less research on this topic has been conducted within China, some theories may not adapt to particularities of the Chinese situation. In general, there are two main categories of methods of science education, i.e.,the pedagogue-centered type and the learner-centered type.Our research aims to discuss the rationality and the value of learner-centered education in botanical gardens in China.The effectiveness of learner-centered education was tested using data that were derived from both behavior observation, questionnaires and interview focusing on learners' reaction.
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