文章摘要
唐 真.科学精神涵义的发展变化——关于新文化运动时期与改革开放以来科学精神讨论的比较[J].科普研究,2008,(3):53~59
科学精神涵义的发展变化——关于新文化运动时期与改革开放以来科学精神讨论的比较
The Evolution and Change about the Connotations of the Spirit of Science——The comparison about the discussion of the spirit of science between the New Culture
投稿时间:2008-01-23  
DOI:
中文关键词: 科学精神,新文化运动,改革开放,比较
英文关键词: the spirit of science  New Culture Movement  reform and opening-up  comparison
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
唐 真 中国科学院研究生院人文学院社会科学系北京 100039 tangzhen_q@tom.com 
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中文摘要:
      我国历史上与科学精神有关的讨论集中发生在新文化运动时期和改革开放以来至今这段时期。新文化运动时期科学精神内涵包括求真崇实精神、实践和探索精神、怀疑精神、无私精神等。改革开放以来科学精神包括两方面:第一,科学精神是人们在科学活动中所具备的意识和态度,主要包括实事求是精神、实践精神、创新精神、探索精神、怀疑精神、团队精神、平权精神、宽容精神等。第二,科学精神是从科学活动中提升出来的文化精髓和价值观念体系,其基本价值观是追求客观事实和真理,崇尚理性,注重实证,不断进取等。科学精神的内涵是不断变化和发展的,而这种
英文摘要:
      The discussion about the spirit of science happened in the time of New Culture Movement and the period of reform and opening-up.The connotations of the spirit of science include spirit of seeking truth from facts,spirit of exploration and practice,skeptical spirit and selfless spirit during the New Culture Movement.The connotations about the spirit of science since reform and opening-up include two meanings:first, the spirit of science is the awareness and attitude that people should possess in the scientific activities, including the spirit of seeking truth from facts, the spirit of practice, the spirit of exploration and innovation, etc;secondly,the spirit of science is the cultural essence and value systems which derives from scientific activities, its basic values are the pursuit of the objective facts and the truth, advocating ration, evidence and progress, etc.The connotations of spirit of science are constantly changing and developing, and the fundamental reasons for these development and change are the progress of the times and the concept of scientific development. However,the basic connotations about the spirit of science in the pursuit of truth and seeking truth from facts do not changed.
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