文章摘要
靳晓白.植物园[J].科普研究,2009,(5):74~79
植物园
Botanical Gardens
投稿时间:2009-09-10  
DOI:
中文关键词: 植物园,中国,植物引种,驯化,迁地保护,植物多样性,植物资源,科普教育,旅游,可持续发展
英文关键词: botanical gardens  China  plant introduction  acclimatization and domestication  ex situ conservation  botanical diversity  plant resources  public education  tourism  sustainable development
基金项目:
作者单位
靳晓白 中国科学院植物研究所 
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中文摘要:
      植物园(含树木园)以科学研究、保护、展示和教育为目的,收集保存活植物并保有其档案记录。其主要任务是迁地保护植物多样性、实现其资源的可持续利用,开展相应的植物展示、科普教育和科学研究。全世界现有约2000个各种类型的植物园和树木园,保存了80000种植物,包括许多珍稀、濒危的植物种类。中国的植物园目前已达约160个,在植物引种、驯化、开发利用、保护方面取得了巨大成绩,在科普教育、旅游服务方面的重要性得到承认。植物园工作者在相关研究领域取得了理论和技术的创新成果,在管理、政策、培训和植物记录系统计算机化方面也在和世界接轨。面临生物多样性保护与可持续发展的挑战和机遇,我们期待中国的植物园在建园、植物收集保存、科普旅游、能力建设、科学研究等领域取得更大成绩,更好地满足经济和社会发展、环境和资源保护利用的需求;与世界植物园同步前进。
英文摘要:
      Botanical gardens (including arboreta) hold documented collections of living plants for the purposes of scientific research,conservation,display and education.Their main tasks are ex situ conservation of plant diversity and realization of sustainable use of plant resources,and carrying out of relevant plant displays,public education and scientific investigations. Worldwide there are about 2000 botanical gardens and arboreta of different types holding 80000 plant taxa,including many rare and threatened plants.Chinese botanical gardens,currently about 160 in number,have made great progresses in plant introduction,acclimatization and domestication,utilization and commercial development,and conservation.Their important roles in public education and tourism are being recognized.Botanical garden workers have achieved innovative theoretical and technological results in their researches.The gardens are also coming into line with the world in management,policy making, training,and computerization of plant record system.We expect the Chinese botanical gardens to embrace the challenges and opportunities of biodiversity conservation and sustainable development,achieve more in garden construction,science popularization and tourism,capacity building,and research,meet the demands of economic and social development and protection and rational use of the environment and resources,to go hand in hand with botanical gardens of the world.
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