文章摘要
廖红.从展品研发角度谈科普展品创新[J].科普研究,2011,6(2):77~82
从展品研发角度谈科普展品创新
How to Develop an Innovative Exhibit: from the Perspective of R & D Process
投稿时间:2010-12-24  
DOI:
中文关键词: 科普展品,展品创新,展品研发周期,革新,创新风险
英文关键词: science exhibits  innovative exhibit  R&D cycle of exhibit  renovation  innovation risk
基金项目:
作者单位
廖红 中国科学技术馆 
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中文摘要:
      目前无论国内还是国外,对创新展品都没有统一或公认的定义,亦没有可操作的评定标准。本文把“创新”当作一个过程来研究,从展品研发角度探讨对科普展品创新的认识。创新是一个过程,在中国环境下,创新成功才可称之为创新。文章从对美国探索馆展品研发入手,探讨了“展品创新是一项尚未完成的永久性工作”;继而分析了目前我国科技馆行业的科普展品创新情况,即缺乏对展品研发周期的认识,谈论展品创新的时间节点不合适;最后,提出了促进展品创新的方法--视革新、加强对展品研发周期全过程管理、树立风险意识提高展品负责人的能力等。
英文摘要:
      At present, there is no a uniform or universally accepted definition about innovative exhibits, nor the assessment standards in China or other countries. This article explores the understanding of innovative exhibits from the perspective of R&D process. Innovation is a process. In China, only innovation is successful, it can be called innovation. It, taking an example of the Exploratorium in the U.S., states that exhibits innovation is a perpetual work in progress; then analyzes the current status of exhibits innovation in science and technology museums in China, which pay little attention to understanding of R&D cycle and judging an innovative exhibit in inappropriate time. Finally, it put forward some proposals in promoting innovative ways about exhibits, they are emphasis on renovation, strengthening the management of the whole process of the exhibit development cycle, establishing the risk awareness and enhancing exhibit researchers' expertise.
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