文章摘要
邓华,曾国屏.科学素质与经济增长关系评述[J].科普研究,2012,7(3):14~20
科学素质与经济增长关系评述
A Review on the Relationship between Scientific Literacy and Economic Growth
投稿时间:2011-06-28  
DOI:
中文关键词: 科学素质,人力资本,经济增长
英文关键词: scientific literacy,human capital,economic growth
基金项目:中国科协研究生科普研究能力提升类项目( 2011KPYJD02)
作者单位
邓华 清华大学科学技术与社会研究中心 
曾国屏  
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中文摘要:
      流行的观点认为“在科学素质与经济增长之间只存在间接的关联”,但最近的经济增长研究却表明:科学素质作为一种重要的人力资本代理变量,与经济增长之间存在稳定的正向的强关联。就全球范围而言,在控制人均初始收入水平后,青少年的科学素质水平每提高一个标准差,人均GDP的年增长率将提高约一个百分点。
英文摘要:
      New evidences against a popular believed idea that there is an indirection relationship between scientific literacy and economic growth support that scientific literacy performance as the proxy for the human capital has a significant growth effect. Conditional on initial incomes,regional growth over the last four decades is completely described by difference in scientific literacy,and one standard deviation difference on test performance is related to 1% difference in annual growth rates of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita.
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