文章摘要
高秋芳,曾国屏.广义科普知识的划界与分层[J].科普研究,2013,8(4):5~10
广义科普知识的划界与分层
Demarcation and Hierarchy of Generalized Popular Scientific Knowledge
投稿时间:2013-06-13  
DOI:
中文关键词: 广义科普知识 知识划界 知识分层 科学与社会
英文关键词: generalized popular scientific knowledge  demarcation of knowledge  hierarchy of knowledge  science and society
基金项目:
作者单位
高秋芳 清华大学科技与社会研究中心 
曾国屏 清华大学深圳研究生院社会科学与管理学部 
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中文摘要:
      基于对科普知识的广义理解,将科普知识分为核心层、中间层与外围层三个层面。核心层是在“学院科学”理念下的简化的科学知识,遵守默顿的CUDOS 规范;中间层是与生产生活相结合的后学院科学知识,遵守齐曼的PLACE 规范;外围层是与社会文化相结合的生活科学知识,遵守BASIC 规范,且各层次从目的、 理念、内容、模式、物化表现等方面都各具特点。这三个层面的科普知识从核心到外围没有绝对界限,但从“纯净”的基础科学知识到社会、文化因素渗透的趋势越来越强。科普知识的细分与深层剖析为更好地开展科普工作提供理论参考。
英文摘要:
      In its broad sense,popular scientific knowledge could be divided into three levels,namely,the core layer,the intermediate layer and the peripheral layer. The core layer refers to the simplified scientific knowledge under a philosophy of“academic science”,complying with Merton’s CUDOS Criterion. The intermediate layer represents postacademic scientific knowledge which is combined with manufacture and real life,complying with Ziman’s PLACE Criterion. And the peripheral layer,is living scientific knowledge which is combined with society and culture,complying with Zeng Guoping’s BASIC order. Each level has different characteristics by purpose, philosophy, content, pattern, physical performance and other aspects. There are no absolute boundaries among the three levels from the core to the periphery,but there is an obvious trend from“ pure” basic scientific knowledge to culture-penetrated scientific knowledge. Detailed segmentation and deep analysis of popular scientific knowledge may provide science popularization work with theoretical implications.
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