文章摘要
李洋,姚本先.公众对科学的态度问卷编制[J].科普研究,2014,9(2):60~65
公众对科学的态度问卷编制
The Development of Questionnaire of Public Attitudes toward Science
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 公众、对科学的态度、问卷
英文关键词: public  attitude toward science  questionnaire
基金项目:
作者单位
李洋 安徽师范大学教育科学学院 
姚本先 安徽师范大学教育科学学院 
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中文摘要:
      本文目的是编制公众对科学的态度问卷。以态度ABC 理论为支撑,综合国内外学者对科学的态度研 究的内容,分析得出对科学的态度评测的指标,并形成具有25 个题项的初始问卷。以分层随机取样的方式, 在安徽省内的合肥、芜湖、六安等地区进行三阶段的预试和正式测试,选取被试共计905 名。通过问卷项目 分析、探索性因素分析从25 个题项的初始问卷中筛选出17 个题项的公众对科学的态度正式问卷,并通过验 证性因素分析对问卷理论模型进行了验证。从整体上看,问卷各量表和总量表琢系数在0.712~0.862 之间, 各量表分数与总量表分数均存在显著相(p<0.01)。并由此认为,公众对科学的态度问卷具有较好的信效度, 符合测量学的标准。
英文摘要:
      To develop public attitude toward science in the questionnaire. Supported by ABC theory of attitude,the content of domestic and foreign scholar’s research,it analyzed attitude evaluation indicators,and formed a 25 item of the initial questionnaire. A randomly sample of 905 subjects who are in Hefei, Wuhu, Lu’an. Through the questionnaire item analysis and exploratory factor analysis from 25 items in the initial questionnaire,it selected 17 items to form a formal questionnaire,and through confirmatory factor analysis we verified its theoretical mode. Overall,alpha coefficient of the subscale and total scale is between 0.715-0.862,each subscale scores and total scores were significantly correlated (p < 0.01) . The questionnaire has good validity and is a useful tool to measure public attitude toward science.
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