文章摘要
朱幼文.科技博物馆教育功能“进化论”[J].科普研究,2014,9(4):38~44
科技博物馆教育功能“进化论”
The Evolution of the Educational Function of Scienceand Technology Museums
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 科技博物馆、教育功能、发展动因
英文关键词: 
基金项目:
作者单位
朱幼文 中国科学技术馆 
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中文摘要:
      通过分析不同历史时期的科技、文化、经济、政治背景,本文提出:科技博物馆教育功能发展受到 科技和产业发展、社会对科技和公众科学素质的需求、科学传播理念和科学教育思想发展以及当时社会制度 与环境等的深刻影响。就如同生物为适应外界环境变化而发生的物种进化一样,我们在科技博物馆的身上也 可以发现类似的“进化”过程。从根本上说,科技、生产力的发展及由此产生的对教育的需求,是科技博物 馆“进化”的决定性因素。
英文摘要:
      Based on the analysis of culture, science &technology, economy, and political backgrounds of different historical periods,the author puts forward that the development of the museums’educational function has been deeply influenced by the industry development,science &technology motivation,the demand for the public scientific literacy of the society,the social system and the environment,and the development of the theory of the science communication and science educationideas. As the evolution of biological species to adapt to the environmental changes, we can find the similar evolution process occurs on the science and technology museums. So,the author tries to prove that the decisive factor of the development motivation for the science and technology museums is the demand for the education as the development of the productive forces and the science &technology.
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