文章摘要
翟俊卿,祝怀新.我国中学生科学职业理想的调查与分析[J].科普研究,2015,10(1):42~48,100
我国中学生科学职业理想的调查与分析
A Survey on Chinese Secondary Students’Aspirations in Science
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 科学职业理想,初中生,影响因素
英文关键词: science aspirations  secondary students  influential factors
基金项目:
作者单位
翟俊卿 浙江大学教育学系 
祝怀新 浙江大学教育学系 
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中文摘要:
      我国社会与经济不断发展,现代化建设急需高素质的科技人才。然而,青少年随着年龄的增长对科学的 兴趣减弱,对未来从事科学研究工作的理想也逐渐淡化,这影响着科技进步与社会发展。本研究以浙江省初中一 年级学生为对象,通过问卷对其科学职业理想的状况和影响因素进行了探究。结果发现:虽然学生对科学感兴 趣,但是很少有学生表示愿意成为一名科学家。家长、同学和学生本人对科学的态度,学习科学的自我效能、对 科学家工作的认识、以及参加校外科学活动的频率是影响学生形成科学职业理想的潜在因素。研究还发现,学生 的科学职业理想在性别和家庭背景上也存在差异。
英文摘要:
      With the rapid development of Chinese society and economy,there is an increasing demand for qualified science and technical personnel for China’s modernization. However,students’interest in learning science and their aspirations to pursue science-related professions decline sharply when they are getting old. This issue has become a considerable concern in the field of science education. This survey study sets out to investigate grade 7 students from three regions in Zhejiang province. The research findings of this study have shown that students were highly interested in studying science,but very few would like to become a scientist. Factors such as parents’attitudes to science,peers’attitudes to science,students’ school science experience,self-efficacy science learning,images of scientists,informal science experience may shape the formation of students’science aspirations. Moreover,students’science aspirations had significant difference on gender and family background.
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