文章摘要
聂海林.科技类博物馆公众参与型科学实践平台建设初探[J].科普研究,2016,11(1):56~62
科技类博物馆公众参与型科学实践平台建设初探
A Primary Study on the Scientific Practice Platform Construction forPublic Participation in Science and Technology Museums
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 科技类博物馆 科学传播 科学实践 平台建设
英文关键词: scienceand technology museums  science communication  scientific practice  platform construction
基金项目:
作者单位
聂海林 湖北省科学技术馆 
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中文摘要:
      随着科技类博物馆在我国的蓬勃发展,越来越多的公众通过参观科技类博物馆走近科学、理解科学。从科学探究到科学实践,国际科学教育理念正在经历又一次变迁。追本溯源,科学传播的源头是在专门从事科学实践的科研机构和科学共同体。科技类博物馆可充分发挥科学传播媒介作用,为公众与科学共同体搭建深入沟通的平台与桥梁。欧洲“开放式实验室”和美国“现场实验室”是很好的实践案例。受此启发,可在学习借鉴欧美经验的基础上,与专业科研机构合作将科研项目引进科技馆,在场馆内建设研究级、传播级科学实践平台,为公众提供深度参与科学家的科学实践活动的机会。
英文摘要:
      With the vigorous development of Science and Technology Museums in China,an increasing number of people findit easy to approach and understand science through visiting science museums and science centers. The philosophy of international science education is during the process of the transformation from scientific inquiry to scientific practices. Essentially, the source of science communication is from scientific research institutions and scientific community specializing in scientific practices. The Science and Technology Museums can play a great role in building a communication platform and bridge between the public and scientific community,the Open Research Laboratory in Europe and the Living Laboratory in USA are best practices in this respect. Inspired by this,STMs can construct scientific platforms on researching or spreading level through introducing scientific research projects into Science and Technology Museums,and provide opportunities to help the public be deeply involved in the activities of scientists’practices on the basis of cooperation with professional scientific research institutions.
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