文章摘要
孙壮珍,宋伟.谣言对技术风险的社会放大———以核技术风险谣言为例证[J].科普研究,2016,11(2):16~23
谣言对技术风险的社会放大———以核技术风险谣言为例证
The Social Amplification of Technical Risks by Rumors:Taking Nuclear Risks Rumors as an Example
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 谣言、技术风险、社会放大
英文关键词: rumors  technical risk  social amplification
基金项目:
作者单位
孙壮珍 西南科技大学马克思主义学院 
宋伟 中国科学技术大学公共事务学院 
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中文摘要:
      近几年,我国出现了大量有关技术风险的谣言,本研究结合两起核技术风险谣言的案例,分析了技术风险 的污名化与公众的预期心理在对谣言释放的风险信号进行诠释与解读的过程中,公众基于对技术风险特征的主观 感受,在交互中不断对谣言进行打磨,使其不断变异,并与公众的认知偏差相耦合,使以讹传讹的谣言变成骇人听 闻的“事实”,导致技术风险被人为地建构与放大。而技术风险的社会放大使公众产生了“信念的真实”;成为谣言 中非理性行为的催化剂;增加了技术风险谣言辟除的难度;促使对技术风险谣言背后隐喻的关注。
英文摘要:
      In recent years,there have been a lot of rumors about the technical risk. Based on two cases about the risk of nuclear technology rumors,the paper analyzes the process of interpreting the signals where risk rumors are released,and interpretation of the public based on the technical characteristics of the subjective feelings of risk. Due to the existence of public perception bias,false rumors become so appalling“fact”,resulting in the fact that technical risks are constructed and amplified artificially. The paper draws the following conclusions:the social amplification of technical risk makes the public have a perception of“true faith”,becoming a catalyzer for irrational behavior in rumors,adding to the difficulty in eliminating technical risk rumors,and prompting the attention towards the metaphor behind the rumors of technical risks.
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