文章摘要
张 锋,杜光旭,何 薇.中国女性公民科学素质状况及对策分析——基于女性公民社会权利的角度[J].科普研究,2016,11(3):39~44
中国女性公民科学素质状况及对策分析——基于女性公民社会权利的角度
On the Status of Civic Scientific Literacy of Chinese Women and Countermeasures:From a Perspective of Female Citizens’Social Rights
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 女性公民 科学素质 弱势地位 性别
英文关键词: the female  scientific literacy  disadvantaged status  the gender
基金项目:
作者单位
张 锋 中国科普研究所 
杜光旭 中央民族大学 
何 薇 中国科普研究所 
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中文摘要:
      受传统观念、宗教习俗、文化教育以及个体特征的影响,女性群体在社会各方面处于弱势地位。2015年中国公民科学素质调查显示,女性公民科学素质水平远低于男性公民科学素质水平。在科技社会化日益加深的今天,公民科学素质水平性别明显差异,不仅影响了我国公民科学素质水平的整体提高,而且直接影响了女性公民享有科技成果的权益,加剧了女性公民在社会中的弱势地位。本文深入分析女性科学素质水平现状及其存在的问题,剖析了影响女性科学素质水平的原因,从保障女性公民享受平等机会和提升社会地位角度,提出要重视提升女性科学素质,加大措施增加女性获取科技知识信息的机会,进一步缩小科学素质水平的性别差距,使女性公民共享科技发展带来的成果。
英文摘要:
      Due to the impacts of traditional concept,religious customs,cultural education,and individual characteristic,women are put in a disadvantaged status in various aspects of society. The survey of Chinese citizens’ scientific literacy in 2015 indicated that scientific literacy of females is far lower than that of male. With socialization of science and technology,and the significant difference of citizens’ scientific literacy in gender,it not only have influenced the integralimprovement of citizens’ scientific literacy in China,but also directly affected the rights of the female to share achievements of science and technology,which have intensified the disadvantaged status of the female in the society. The paper analyzes the present situation and problems of the female’s scientific literacy and the reasons which affect the female’s scientific literacy from the view of ensuring the female having equal opportunity and raising their social status. In a nutshell,the paper puts forward some corresponding measures such as increasing the chances of women getting the knowledge of science and technology,making greater efforts to enhance the female’s scientific literacy,narrowing the gender gap of scientific literacy,and making the female share the achievements which the development of science and technology have brought.
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