文章摘要
任悦,潘婉茹.初中科学教材中科学家信息的 呈现与科学家形象分析 ———以人民教育出版社初中生物、物理、化学教材为例[J].科普研究,2016,11(5):43~47,71
初中科学教材中科学家信息的 呈现与科学家形象分析 ———以人民教育出版社初中生物、物理、化学教材为例
An Analysis of Information and Image of Scientists inTextbooks for Junior Middle School:Take Biology,Physics,and Chemistry Textbooks Published by People’s Education Press as an Example
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 科学教材科学家素材科学家形象
英文关键词: science textbook  scientists  scientists’image  materials
基金项目:
作者单位
任悦 东北师范大学教育学部 
潘婉茹 东北师范大学教育学部 
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中文摘要:
      近年来科学教育改革逐渐深化,科学教材对初中生的科学教育、科学家形象形成有重要影响。本文对初中科 学教材中科学家信息的呈现情况与科学家形象进行定量统计和定量分析,分析发现,现有初中科学教材中选用了数量 众多、种类丰富的科学家素材,其中大部分科学家来自欧洲,近代科学家多于现代科学家,且科学家性别比例差异较 大。教材将科学家客观真实的外在形象与勤奋、认真、热爱科学的内在形象相结合。建议教材编写时增加女性科学家 的比重,同时注重科学家时代和国别的均衡,突出科学家精神。
英文摘要:
      The recent years have witnessed the reform of science education conducted in a wide and deep manner,science textbooks have an effect on science education and the cultivating of good image of scientists for junior middle school students. This paper analyzes the information and image of scientists in textbooks for junior middle school by adopting a quantitative and qualitative statistical analysis. Science textbooks use plentiful and multiple scientists’materials where scientists are mostly from Europe, the number of modern scientists is larger than that of contemporary scientists, and there exist substantial differences in the gender ratio among scientists. Textbooks combine the objective external image of scientists and hard-working,serious and zealous internal image of scientists. When it involves writing textbooks,editors are advised to increase the proportion of female scientists,maintain a balanced ratio in the countries and times where they are living,as well as highlight their contributing spirit and endeavors
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