文章摘要
张会亮.我国科学教育政策的梳理分析[J].科普研究,2017,12(4):77~82,88
我国科学教育政策的梳理分析
A Policy Perspective of Analysis on Science Education in China
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 科学教育 科学素质 非正式科学学习
英文关键词: science education  scientific literacy  informal science learning
基金项目:
作者单位
张会亮 中国科普研究所 
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中文摘要:
      20 世纪90 年代以来,随着时代的发展,科技创新对社会进步的巨大推动作用日益显著,世界科技 先进国家都非常重视科学教育,将其置于教育发展的优先位置。我国科学教育是提高公民科学素质、促进社 会发展的一项重大举措,是建设创新型国家的重要途径。自1999 年6 月中共中央、国务院颁布《关于深化教 育改革全面推进素质教育的决定》以来,一系列与科学教育相关的政策相继出台。我国科学教育的目的也已 经由培养社会少数科技精英转变为培养公民的科学素质,科学教育理念逐渐与国际接轨,并且在非正式学习 情境下的科学教育比较灵活和多元。
英文摘要:
      Since the end of 1990s,science and technology innovation has played a huge part in driving social development principally due to advances in science education over the years. Therefore, countries which take a lead in science and technology attach great importance to science education,which is a priority for the development of education. Science education is a fundamental approach not only to improve citizens’scientific literacy and social development but also to guarantee the construction of innovationoriented nation. In June,1999,Decision on Deepening the Educational Reform and Propelling the Overall Development of Quality Education was issued by the Central Committee of Communist Party of China (CPC) and the State Council;since then,there have been a serials of policy documents sprung up concerning science education issued by the competent departments. The goal of science education has been shifted from fostering science and technology talents to advancing citizens’scientific literacy;the concept of science education in China has learned the essence of good practices abroad;and the informal science learning tends to be much more flexible and diverse.
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