文章摘要
李 倩.科普服务能力提高区域创新能力了吗?——基于省级面板数据的实证研究[J].科普研究,2018,13(4):35~41
科普服务能力提高区域创新能力了吗?——基于省级面板数据的实证研究
Is Serving Ability of Science Popularization Contributing to RegionalInnovation Capacity ?An Empirical Study Based on the Inter Provincial Panel Data
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 科普服务能力 区域创新能力 面板数据
英文关键词: science popularization  regional innovation ability  panel data
基金项目:
作者单位
李 倩 北京交通大学经济管理学院 
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中文摘要:
      科普是科技创新的基础和前提,是科技成果推广的桥梁,要把科普工作放在与科技创新同等重要的 位置。本文基于2010 — 2015 年中国31 个省份的面板数据,构建包括科普人员、科普基础设施、科普经费、 科普创作和科普活动5 个方面的地区科普服务能力评价指标,使用熵权法确定指标权重对各地区科普服务能 力进行测算,并按照测算结果分为三类地区。在此基础上利用双向固定效应模型,实证考察科普服务能力是 否能够提高我国区域创新能力。结果表明,科普服务能力的确对我国总体区域创新能力有正向影响,与此同 时还存在着明显的地区异质性:科普服务能力对第二类地区的影响最为显著,对一、三类地区不显著。本文 的研究对通过增强科普服务能力建设来减小区域创新差距提供了一定的经验依据。
英文摘要:
      Science popularization(SP)is the foundation and premise of technological innovation. It is important to put popularization of science work on the same important position as technological innovation. Based on the panel data from 2010 to 2015 of 31 provinces in China, this paper established an indices system of Regional SP ability evaluation index from 5 aspects including the construction of scientific personnel,science infrastructure,science funding,creation science and science activities, we determine the index weight of each area in the calculation of science capacity using the entropy method,and they are divided into three areas according to the calculation results. On this basis,we use the two-way fixed effect model to examine the impact of popular science service on regional innovation ability in China. The results show that SP service has a positive impact on China’s overall regional innovation capability. Meanwhile,there is obviously regional heterogeneity:the impact of SP on the second regions is the most significant,and it is not significant for the first or third regions. The study of this paper provides some empirical evidence for reducing the regional innovation gap by strengthening the construction of SP ability.
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