文章摘要
陈强强,王大明.基于默会知识论的中国农技推广困境研究[J].科普研究,2018,13(5):50~58,67
基于默会知识论的中国农技推广困境研究
A Study on the Dilemma of Agricultural Technology Popularization inChina Based on Tacit Knowledge Theory
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 默会知识 农技推广 实践品格
英文关键词: tacit knowledge  agricultural technology popularization  practical character
基金项目:
作者单位
陈强强 西藏民族大学马克思主义学院哲学教研室 
王大明 中国科学院大学人文学院 
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中文摘要:
      波兰尼的默会知识论已是为人熟知的理论,有着丰富的内涵和外延。其对蕴含在行动中的默会知识、 言述知识的默会根源及默会知识的实践品格的阐论,对理解知识和技术的属性有着重要的启发意义。中国当前 农业技术推广面临困境,这在农民与农技推广员方面都有鲜明体现。仅从认识论的层面来看,农技推广主体对 农技推广的本质和规律没有清晰的认识可能是造成“困境”的一个重要原因。对于走出当前的“困境”,下述几 点启示可供借鉴:(1)再思农技推广的三个主体部分及其关联;(2)充分认清农技推广的默会属性及其基础性与 优先性;(3)在农技的研发、推广及习得中重视默会知识的运用。
英文摘要:
      The tacit knowledge theory of Micheal Polanyi is rich in connotation and extension. It is of 109 A Study of Public Opinionon Popular Science Mode of Agro-products Quality and Safety Dai Fen1 Wang Qiang1 Yu Guoguang1 Yao Jiarong1 Deng Yu2 Li Xiangzhou2 (Institute of Quality and Standard for Agro-products,Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Hangzhou 310021)1 (Institute of Quality Standards & Testing Technology for Agro-products,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory for Agro-product Quality and Safety,Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs,Beijing 100081)2 Abstract:Based on years’agro-products quality and safe public opinion monitoring,analysis data, risk response practical experience,and typical case investigation and analysis,the paper proposes the basic concepts and significant features of agro-products quality and safety science popularization on public opinion. Agro-products quality and safety Public opinion science and technology is mainly composed of government departments,professional organizations,experts and scholars,and other social groups and individuals. It disseminates the main development of our country for agricultural product market managers,producers,and public opinion participants. Furthermore,it popularizes the laws and regulations,policies and measures,scientific research,and achievements of agricultural product quality and safety supervision,as well as basic knowledge of agricultural product quality and safety production,basic knowledge of agricultural product growth and development,safety standards limits, and safe consumption knowledge. The research further divides the different models of agricultural quality and safety science popular science in line with the purpose and timelines of popular science,and makes a logic and clear analysis of the information carrier of science popularization,media,timing and frequency of popular science communication under new media environment. Keywords:agro-products;quality and safety;public opinion risk;risk communication;popular science method CLC Numbers:N4 Document Code:A DOI:10.19293/j.cnki.1673-8357.2018.05.007 great significance to understand the knowledge and technology that illustrates tacit root of articulating knowledge and the practical character of tacit knowledge. China’s current agricultural technology popularization is facing dilemma,which are perceived evidently among the farmers and the science popularizers. From the perspective of epistemology,the lack of clear understanding of the essence of agricultural technology popularization is a major cause of the dilemma. In order to get out of the current“dilemma”,the following ideas can be used for reference:1)Rethinking the three main subjects of agricultural technology popularization and their relation;2)Fully recognizing the tacit attributes and priority of agricultural technology popularization;3)The application of tacit knowledge in the development,promotion and acquisition of agricultural technology.The tacit knowledge theory of Micheal Polanyi is rich in connotation and extension. It is of 109 A Study of Public Opinionon Popular Science Mode of Agro-products Quality and Safety Dai Fen1 Wang Qiang1 Yu Guoguang1 Yao Jiarong1 Deng Yu2 Li Xiangzhou2 (Institute of Quality and Standard for Agro-products,Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Hangzhou 310021)1 (Institute of Quality Standards & Testing Technology for Agro-products,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory for Agro-product Quality and Safety,Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs,Beijing 100081)2 Abstract:Based on years’agro-products quality and safe public opinion monitoring,analysis data, risk response practical experience,and typical case investigation and analysis,the paper proposes the basic concepts and significant features of agro-products quality and safety science popularization on public opinion. Agro-products quality and safety Public opinion science and technology is mainly composed of government departments,professional organizations,experts and scholars,and other social groups and individuals. It disseminates the main development of our country for agricultural product market managers,producers,and public opinion participants. Furthermore,it popularizes the laws and regulations,policies and measures,scientific research,and achievements of agricultural product quality and safety supervision,as well as basic knowledge of agricultural product quality and safety production,basic knowledge of agricultural product growth and development,safety standards limits, and safe consumption knowledge. The research further divides the different models of agricultural quality and safety science popular science in line with the purpose and timelines of popular science,and makes a logic and clear analysis of the information carrier of science popularization,media,timing and frequency of popular science communication under new media environment. Keywords:agro-products;quality and safety;public opinion risk;risk communication;popular science method CLC Numbers:N4 Document Code:A DOI:10.19293/j.cnki.1673-8357.2018.05.007 great significance to understand the knowledge and technology that illustrates tacit root of articulating knowledge and the practical character of tacit knowledge. China’s current agricultural technology popularization is facing dilemma,which are perceived evidently among the farmers and the science popularizers. From the perspective of epistemology,the lack of clear understanding of the essence of agricultural technology popularization is a major cause of the dilemma. In order to get out of the current“dilemma”,the following ideas can be used for reference:1)Rethinking the three main subjects of agricultural technology popularization and their relation;2)Fully recognizing the tacit attributes and priority of agricultural technology popularization;3)The application of tacit knowledge in the development,promotion and acquisition of agricultural technology.
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