文章摘要
邵鹏.1950—1977 年中国化学科普图书与社会背景的关系[J].科普研究,2018,13(6):91~97
1950—1977 年中国化学科普图书与社会背景的关系
The Relationship between Chinese Chemical Popular Science Booksand Social Background from 1950 to 1977
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 化学科普图书 向科学进军 《十万个为什么》 文化大革命
英文关键词: chemical popular science books  “marching towards science”  Hundred ThousandWhys  “Cultural Revolution”
基金项目:
作者单位
邵鹏 中国科学院大学人文学院 
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中文摘要:
      1950 — 1977 年《全国总书目》中共收录化学科普图书110 部。这些图书先以苏联译著为主,之后中 国原创逐渐增多,“向科学进军”口号提出后激增,20 世纪60 年代开始由于各种政治运动逐渐下降,“文化大革 命”中后期有所回升。《十万个为什么》是这个时期发行量最大的百科全书式科普丛书,出版了三个版本,化学 部分共五个分册。“文革”期间化学科普图书数量很少,主要用来诠释马列主义和辅助政治斗争。1950 — 1977 年化学科普图书内容上重点介绍最基本的化学知识,以综合性知识、常见的物质和现象、碳和有机物为主。
英文摘要:
      In the 1950-1977 National General Bibliography,110 chemical popular science books were included. At first,many books were translated books from Soviet. After that,Chinese originals gradually picked up increase. Following the surging of slogan“marching towards science”,the number of books rose dramatically. Due to various political movements in the 1960s,the number began to decline. And then it rebounded in the middle and late period of“Cultural Revolution”. The Hundred Thousand Whys was the largest encyclopedic popular science book published during that period,it was published in three editions, and the chemical part had five volumes. During the“Cultural Revolution”, the number of chemical popular science books was very small,mainly used to interpret Marxism- Leninism and assist political struggles. The content of the chemical popular science books from 1950 to 1977 focuses on the most basic chemistry knowledge,mainly comprehensive knowledge,common substances and phenomena, carbon and organic matter.
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