文章摘要
当代中国科学传播发展阶段的历史演进
The development stage of science communication in China
投稿时间:2020-06-22  修订日期:2020-09-04
DOI:
中文关键词: 科学传播  发展阶段  典型模型
英文关键词: Science communication,Development stage,Typical model
基金项目:中国科普研究所“科学文化相关问题研究”课题资助(2015kps3.1-1)
作者单位邮编
李黎 中国科学技术大学人文与社会科学学院 230026
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中文摘要:
      科学传播的发展阶段在中国科普研究领域是一个重要命题,它既有助于理清国内外相关概念和研究路径的彼此关联,又有助于梳理我国科普事业的历史脉络和发展趋势。一般认为科学传播的发展经历了“传统科普”、“公众理解科学”、“科学传播”三个阶段。但随着科学传播理念的不断发展和实践的逐步深入,本文认为应将“三阶段论”中的“科学传播”阶段代之更加明确的“公众反思科学”,并在此基础上,进一步提出“公众参与科学”和“公共科学服务”两个新的阶段,这共同构成“科学传播”五阶段论,更好地刻画从传统科学普及向现代科学普惠的发展趋势。
英文摘要:
      The development stage of science communication is an important proposition. It is generally acknowledged that domestic science and technology studies go through three developmental stages:“Traditional Science Popularization”、“Public Understanding of Science” and “Science Communication”. However, this paper consider “Science Communication” should be replaced by “Public Reflection on Science”, and adding two new developmental stages which are “Public Engagement with Science” and “Public Science Service”. These five stages together constitute the whole “science communication”, and more accurately described the development tendency from traditional science popularization to modern science benefit to public.
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