文章摘要
气候变化认知、环境效能感对居民低碳减排行为的影响
The impact of residents’ climate change cognition and environmental efficacy on their carbon emission reduction behaviors
投稿时间:2020-10-20  修订日期:2021-01-04
DOI:
中文关键词: 气候变化 原因认知 危害认知 环境效能感 低碳减排
英文关键词: climate change  cause cognition  hazard cognition  environmental efficacy  carbon emission reduction
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
王晓红 哈尔滨工业大学 150001
胡士磊 哈尔滨工业大学 150001
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中文摘要:
      居民的气候变化认知能否有效激发他们践行低碳减排行为目前尚不清楚。与以往研究仅关注居民气候变化认知对单一低碳减排行为的影响和忽视环境效能感对低碳减排行为的影响不同,利用CGSS 2010数据,实证分析了居民气候变化认知、环境效能感对不同低碳减排行为的影响。结果表明,居民的气候变化原因认知显著正向影响居民垃圾分类、减少开车和节约能源三种低碳减排行为,而居民的气候变化危害认知和环境效能感分别显著正向影响居民减少开车和节约能源两种低碳减排行为。相较于对垃圾分类的影响,居民的气候变化原因认知、危害认知和环境效能感对减少开车和节约能源的影响更大。环境效能感是居民低碳减排行为的重要影响变量;居民气候变化认知和环境效能感对居民低碳减排行为的影响具有异质性。
英文摘要:
      It is not clear whether residents’ cognition of climate change can effectively motivate them to carry out carbon emission reduction. Different from previous studies that only focus on the impact of residents’ climate change cognition on single carbon emission reduction behavior and ignore the impact of environmental efficacy on this behavior, using the data of CGSS 2010, this paper empirically analyzes the impact of residents’ climate change cognition and environmental efficacy on different carbon emission reduction behaviors. The results show that residents’ cognition of the causes of climate change has a significant positive impact on three carbon emission reduction behaviors (waste classification, driving reduction and energy saving), while residents’ cognition of the hazards of climate change and environmental efficacy have a significant positive impact on two carbon emission reduction behaviors (driving reduction and energy saving) respectively. Compared with the impact on waste classification, residents’ cognition of the causes and hazards of climate change, and environmental efficacy have a greater impact on driving reduction and energy saving. Environmental efficacy is an important variable that influencing residents’ carbon emission reduction behavior, and the impacts of residents’ climate change cognition and environmental efficacy on carbon emission reduction behavior are heterogeneous.
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