文章摘要
国外公民科学项目案例研究综述
A review of projects and case studies of foreign citizen science
投稿时间:2020-11-11  修订日期:2021-01-21
DOI:
中文关键词: 图5聚类时间线图
英文关键词: citizen science  projects and cases  research hotspot  bibliometric analysis  Citespace
基金项目:浙江省软科学研究项目“浙江健康旅游需求与产品创新开发研究”(项目编号:2019C35085)
作者单位E-mail
李健 浙江农林大学 风景园林与建筑学院 旅游与健康学院 lijian@zafu.edu.cn 
罗健 浙江农林大学 风景园林与建筑学院 旅游与健康学院  
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中文摘要:
      [目的/意义]近年来,由于网络和移动技术的推动,公民科学得到了迅速的发展和普及。公民参与科学项目越来越成为科学研究的新兴趋势,对于提升公民科学素养、推动公民教育有着重要意义。[方法/过程]本文基于Web of Science核心合集数据库,利用WoS对2000—2019年国外公民科学项目案例的年发文数量、学科类别进行基础分析,同时可视化软件 Citespace,绘制知识图谱对各国发文量、研究机构发文量、作者被引文献、关键词聚类进行分析,并在此基础上指出研究的发展态势。[结果/结论]研究发现:(1)自2000年到2019年来,发文量总体呈现稳步上升趋势,并在2010年后得到快速增长;(2)项目案例研究主要集中在自然科学领域,人文和社会科学领域的研究还较为薄弱;(3)美国是公民科学项目案例发文数量最多的国家,英国牛津大学是发文数量最多的机构,Dickinson J L和Bonney R是公民科学项目案例研究被引文献频次最高的作者;(4)“保护”是公民科学项目案例研究出现频次最高的关键词,“治理”是公民科学项目案例研究重要的转折词;(5)“公众参与”、“气温”、“公众介入”、“白纹伊蚊”、“分类”、“科学处理”、“红海”、“空间偏差”、“智能手机”、“物种分布模型”、“体育活动”、“公民社会”、“项目”、“衡量”是项目案例研究的主要聚类热点;(6)发展态势表现为研究领域不断拓展、研究机构日益增多、参与的人群与途径更广泛。最后,本文从公民参与度、合作交流、政策制定三方面对未来我国公民科学项目案例研究提出建议。
英文摘要:
      [Purpose/Significance] In recent years, due to the promotion of network and mobile technology, citizen science has been rapidly developed and popularized. Citizen participation in scientific projects is becoming an emerging trend in scientific research, which is of great significance for improving the scientific literacy of citizens and promoting civic education.[Method/Process]Based on the Web of Science core collection database, this paper makes a basic analysis of the number of annual papers and subject categories of the overseas citizen science project cases in 2000-2019 by using WoS, and at the same time, the visualization software Citespace, drawing the knowledge map, analyzes the number of papers published by various countries, research institutions, authors" cited literature and keyword clustering, and points out the development trend of the research on this basis.[Result/Conclusion]The research found that: (1) From 2000 to 2019, the total number of published articles has shown a steady upward trend, and has been growing rapidly after 2010; (2) The project case studies are mainly concentrated in the field of natural sciences, humanities and social sciences It is still relatively weak; (3) The United States is the country with the largest number of cases published in citizen science projects, Oxford University in the United Kingdom is the institution with the largest number of articles published, and Dickinson JL and Bonney R are the authors with the highest cited frequency of case studies on citizen science projects; (4 ) "Protection" is the most frequently used keyword in case studies of citizen science projects, and "Governance" is an important turning word for case studies of citizen science projects; (5) "Public participation", Temperature", Public engagement Aedes albopictus", "Taxonomy Scientific computing bias "Smartphones "Species distribution model", "Physical activity il society", "Project", "Measurement are the main clustering hotspots of the projects and case study; (6) The development trend is manifested by the continuous expansion of the research field, the increasing number of research institutions, and the wider participation of people and channels. Finally, this article makes recommendations for future case studies of citizen science projects in China from three aspects: citizen participation, cooperation and communication, and policy formulation.
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